Black Bear Crossings on the Lake, Inc. v. City of St. Paul: Obtained early summary judgment for café and event center against the City of St. Paul for breach of contract in failing to extend a lease. The case settled for $800,000, the third-largest settlement in the history of the City of St. Paul.
In re Payment Card Interchange Fee and Merchant Discount Litigation, 05-MD-1720 (JG)(JO): Reached a $7.25 billion antitrust settlement on behalf of a class of approximately seven million U.S. merchants who accept Visa and MasterCard credit cards and debit cards for the purchase of goods and services. The defendants included Visa and MasterCard, and major card-issuing banks such as JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America, Citibank, Wells Fargo, and Capital One. The settlement, which would have resolved the lawsuit, is believed to be the largest settlement of a private antitrust case in the 120-year history of the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. §1 et seq.) and also included important reforms of the payment card industry. The settlement was granted final approval in the District Court on December 13, 2013 over the objections of several class members. Some of those objectors appealed from the final approval order, and on June 30, 2016 a panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed and vacated the District Court’s order, and remanded the case to the District Court “for further proceedings not inconsistent with” the Court of Appeals’ opinion.